Large Palm Trees
South Florida's large palm trees - whether majestic and stately or slim
and elegant - make an impressive, and often formal, statement in a home
Growing to a mature stature of more than 20 feet tall, large South
Florida palm trees can be massive or just tall and willowy, and
combinations of them with each other and with smaller palms, as well as
with shrubs and flowers, gives each landscape a unique tropical look.
Best landscape uses for large palm trees
- single large specimen in an average-size yard
- anchoring a garden bed in a big yard
- in pairs flanking the entrance to a long driveway
- lining a street or drive
- singly in the center of a circular drive (depending on variety, and the size of the center island)
- accenting an architectural element and/or the height of the house
- along a property line for privacy, sometimes with a grouping of smaller palms and large shrubs
Tips on choosing a large palm for your home
Choose one that thrives in
your planting zone
- the Plant Pages will tell you which are cold-hardy palms, best for cooler areas of South Florida.
Smaller spaces - pick one with a visible trunk, rather than a palm that stays low and wide for years.
Consider not only how tall but how wide a palm will fit in the area you have - fronds need elbow room to grow.
are classified as fast, moderate or slow growing - for more "instant
gratification" buy a faster growing palm or a bigger specimen for slow
Some palms drop fruits - use these varieties in areas where you won't be walking.
trunks can be a decorative landscape element - find out in the Plant
Pages what kind of trunk a palm will have...important to know for care
and because, especially with large palm trees, you'll be seeing a lot of
A Primer for Palm Trees in Florida
Trimming palm trees:
Never cut off the trunk
of a palm - you'll kill it. Only clustering palms that grow multiple
shoots can be trimmed, cutting each unwanted trunk off at ground level.
Remove browned fronds but try to let them go about 3/4 brown because they are feeding the emerging new frond.
palm varieties are self-cleaning, meaning when a frond is dead it'll
fall off on its own.
Other types of palms retain the dried fronds as a
"petticoat" under the green fronds. These can be cut off - while you can
reach them - but once a large palm is, well, large, you'll want to hire
a pro to trim...or just leave the petticoat in place.
bases can be left intact...some are extremely pretty and add to the
unique good looks of a South Florida palm tree. Or remove by cutting
them off (never rip them off) taking care not to damage the trunk
Eventually most leaf bases will fall off anyway, starting
around the base, and you'll see the trunk.
root ball of most palms is smaller and more compact than that of trees,
meaning you can plant most palms (depending on variety) nearer the
house than you would a tree. (Just remember to give the fronds room to
Many palms, though solitary by nature, are grown in
groups of multiple trunks.
A double trunk palm can frame a house or
garden focal point or a water view between its two trunks.
are used to give more mass to the planting, and for a fuller canopy of
fronds. The more trunks - the more room you'll need for fronds (when
young) and space to walk around the trunks (when mature).
How to grow palm trees - including soil amendments for planting palms
and when to apply palm fertilizer - will be covered in each of the
Some bigger palms, like the Ponytail Palm, are
slow-growing and are actually grown as small landscape palms because
they take a long time to grow large. But even if it takes quite a while,
be prepared to live with the ultimate height of the palm you like.
Large palm trees in this section include:
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