Agapanthus africanus

Agapanthus - often called Lily of the Nile - heralds spring in South Florida with blue flowers that sway above this handsome plant.

These are year round beauties for their strappy leaves in a glossy deep green.

And the spring flowers that pop up in a balled cluster add a lovely and unusual touch of blue to the garden.

This is a versatile plant - it can be used as an accent, border, foundation plant beneath low windows, even a groundcover.

Agapanthus flower starting to open

Especially striking when grown en masse, the blossoms open to magically transform a landscape.

Sometimes called African Lily, this plant works in a tropical setting or formal landscape...or creating a cottage garden or English garden look.

It takes full sun in the northern part of the state but in South Florida, part sun to part shade is ideal.

This hardy plant is low maintenance and doesn't need (or like) to be fussed over.

Sometimes these plants are inexplicably reluctant to flower. One remedy is to keep them planted close together...they seem to bloom more when they're crowded.

Plant specs

Flowers in a mixed bed

These plants grow about 2 to 2-1/2 feet tall.

There is a dwarf variety "Peter Pan" which stays smaller.

They grow at a moderate rate and do best in part sun to part shade.

Though blue is the most popular color, other colors available include white.

This is a cold hardy plant that will grow well anywhere in South Florida.

Plant care

Add composted cow manure to the hole when you plant.

Trimming is unnecessary, though after flowering it's a good idea to cut the dead flower stalks back near to the ground.

Water on a regular basis but with time between waterings for the soil to dry out. Make sure the area drains well - this plant doesn't like wet conditions.

Fertilize in spring and fall with a good granular fertilizer. Supplement spring feedings with liquid and/or bone meal.

White agapanthus flower
Blue blossoms in partial shade

Plant spacing

Plant about 2 to 2-1/2 feet apart. Come out from the house and in from walks and drives about 2 feet.

This plant will do fine in a large container.

Landscape uses for agapanthus

  • accent in a mixed bed
  • along a porch, patio or deck
  • as a low foundation plant
  • lining a walkway or drive
  • grouped as a groundcover
  • front of the border
  • surrounding a small palm


COMPANION PLANT SUGGESTIONS: In a partial sun location, consider dwarf oleander, hibiscus, ligustrum sinensis, dwarf allamanda, and vinca.   

Other plants you might like: Amaryllis, Plumbago

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